While standing in the center of the rotunda, looking up at the base of the dome directly overhead, you see the stained glass, imported from England. From underneath it sparkles with blue, purple, and green hues, but the upper side glistens with red, yellow, and orange. The State Seal is on the east and west of the rotunda and the Territorial Seal on the north and south. The motto on the Territorial Seal, “Cedant Arms Toga” means “Let arms yield to the gown” or more liberally interpreted, “Force must yield to law”.
The first floor rotunda is striking, with the checkerboard marble floors. The white tiles are Italian marble and the black tiles are from Vermont and if you look close you will see fossils in some of the black tiles. You will also see the many columns, and impressive staircases.
Four of Wyoming's five elected officials including the Governor, Secretary of State, Auditor and Treasurer have their offices in the Capitol on the first floor. The Superintendent of Public Instruction is located a block south in the Hathaway Building.
“Here in the Rocky Passage” an oil painting by Wyoming artist, John Giarrizzo, hangs in front of the Secretary of State’s office. The painting honors the diverse national and ethnic groups who settled in Wyoming.
The mounted Bison on display in the West Hallway was raised with the state herd in Hot Springs State Park near Thermopolis. While alive, he weighed approximately 3,000 pounds. In 1985 the state legislature enacted a bill designating the American Bison as the State Mammal of Wyoming.
The Collier Trophy was presented to the State by the Collier Publishing Company in 1924 the year Calvin Coolidge was elected president. It was for having the greatest increase in percentage of voters that year. Before 1924 Native American were not considered US citizen and couldn't vote, but in that year a law was passed making them citizen and giving them the right to vote. That played a part in why we had a greater increase that year.
On the East wing is Governors Portrait Gallery. There is also a bust of Abraham Lincoln. Lincoln's tie with Wyoming is through the transcontinental railroad. Lincoln signed the Pacific Railroad Act in 1862 and the Union Pacific first came to Cheyenne in 1867.